Alexander studied History, Economics and Computer sciences at the Universities of Göttingen, Venice and Berlin. After a research fellowship at the German Historical Institute in Rome from 1992 to 1994, he was awarded a Ph.D. by the University of Cologne in 1995. He was a Lecturer in Modern History at the University of Cologne from 1995 to 2003. Between 2004 and 2009, he was Principal Investigator of the Research Group ‘Globalisation as a Historical Process. Agrarian Markets and International Politics 1870-1970’ funded by the Volkswagen Foundation. Alexander Nützenadel held fellowships at Columbia University (New York) and the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study (Wassenaar), before being appointed Professor of European Economic and Social History at the University of Frankfurt (Oder) in 2006. In October 2009, he joined the History Department of Humboldt University Berlin as a Professor of Social and Economic History.
Panel 1: Laissez-faire or State Control